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In the aftermath of the democratic revolution of 1848, a republican government was elected here.
Karlsruhe was visited by Thomas Jefferson during his time as the American envoy to France; when Pierre Charles L'Enfant was planning the layout of Washington, D.
Built in 1822, the Ständehaus was the first parliament building in a German State.The two tributaries of the Rhine, the Alb and the Pfinz flow through the city from the Kraichgau to eventually join the Rhine.The city lies at an altitude between 100 m and 322 m (near the communications tower In the suburb of Grünwettersbach).Charles William founded the city on June 17, 1715, after a dispute with the citizens of his previous capital, Durlach.The founding of the city is closely linked to the construction of the palace.
The market square lies on the street running south from the palace to Ettlingen.